Items filtered by date: October 2011

A Matter of First Impression

Monday, 10 October 2011 22:53

In a matter of first impression in Puerto Rico, and applying Delaware law, District Judge Gustavo Gelpi dismissed all the claims against 11 defendants, all of whom were the most senior executives at Westernbank, formerly Puerto Rico’s second largest bank. Westernbank, a $10 billion bank with hundreds of branches scattered throughout the island, was closed by the FDIC in 2010 for reasons unrelated to the lawsuit. 

The derivative lawsuit, brought by a shareholder of the bank, alleged that the majority of the board of directors and senior management purposely ignored the warning signs of a massive, $200 million structured fraud initiated against the bank’s asset based lending division by a significant client of the bank. The shareholder claims included breach of fiduciary duties as officers and directors of the bank, waste of corporate assets, unjust enrichment, Sarbanes-Oxley violations, and violations of numerous Puerto Rican statutes.

Attorneys Carlos F. Concepcion, Manuel A. Rodriguez and Scott A. Burr, and Forensic Investigator and CPA Francisco Gomez, assisted the Special Litigation Committee of the board of directors in determining the viability of multiple derivative claims initiated against the bank’s officers and directors.

The investigation involved a review and analysis of over 100,000 documents related to the fraud and interviews of nearly 40 bank officials, directors and officers with knowledge of the events leading to the fraud. The Committee’s report, a nearly 200 page single-spaced report detailing its factual and legal analysis, was ultimately filed with the court along with the Committee’s motion to terminate or otherwise dismiss the case. The factual investigation also required detailed analysis of Westernbank’s internal control systems and their remediation that resulted from nearly a dozen third-party reports and analysis.

Category: Financial Fraud

Inside the Mind of a Fraudster: Profiling a Criminal

Monday, 10 October 2011 03:26

The overwhelming amount of fraud occurring and uncovered in South Florida, including mortgage, banking, securities, and regulatory fraud demands at least a cursory analysis of the personalities and behavior that typify these fraudsters. Stanford, Rothstein, Freeman, Tolz, etc., are merely the tip of a very large iceberg penetrating South Florida.

I am often asked to explain, or even justify, criminal behavior, not merely for the sake of curiosity, but to prevent being swindled by these schemers. We believe that if we can understand the criminal mind, we can identify their attributes and prevent from getting swindled. Unfortunately, the pathology of crime is far more complex than we dare imagine.

There are two ways of preventing a fraud from occurring. One technique is quantitative, and involves the use of sophisticated due diligence to ferret out the fraud or any inconsistencies in the fraudster’s “stories”. These quantitative techniques take the form of pre-investment financial due diligence, background checks, verification of financial history with third-party sources, current customer verification, etc. These quantitative techniques are typically performed before investments are made and throughout the history of the investment. Unfortunately, very little of these techniques are actually performed, witness the Madoff scandal. Here, very little, if any, investigative due- diligence was ever performed, and even when it was, the SEC summarily dismissed it.

The second technique, the subject of this article, is far more complex and qualitative. It involves understanding and profiling the criminal pathology as a means of detecting potential firestorms later. This subtle technique involves profiling the types of personalities that might be inclined to commit criminal fraud.



Category: Financial Fraud